Graduate Students’ Proficiency Strategy Attitudes on Autonomous Learning in Foreign Language Learning

February 5, 2018


The aim of the study is to investigate the strategy attitudes of graduate students’ proficiency attitudes on autonomous learning in foreign language learning. This survey was conducted in Balıkesir University in academic years of 2014-2015. The survey analyses graduate (Master of Arts) students’ foreign language learning styles and strategies to find out to what extent they are autonomous. Two kinds of questionnaires were administered. The first one was learner autonomy survey questionnaire developed by Zhang and Li (2004), which was administered to investigate how autonomous the participants were in learning English as a foreign language. The second one was the perceptual learning style preference questionnaire (PLSPQ) developed by Reid (1987). The two questionnaires were administered to 600 graduate students enrolled in the Institutions of Social Sciences and the Institution of Health at Balıkesir University in the academic years of 2014-2015. Only 504 graduate students responded the questionnaires. Then it was announced that there would be two types of English YDS preparation courses for the participants enrolled at Balıkesir University, Institute of M.A programs. 30 participants applied to join the courses. The participants are assigned to two groups, as instructed and non-instructed on voluntary bases. The results of data analysis showed that most of the participants preferred to learn English in class. But few students believed that they would be successful by self-study. The learners did not use strategies in high level but they used them in medium level.


Autonomous learning, Proficiency, questionnaires, асаdemic performance


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Author Details

Dr. Halil Küçükler

Prof. Dr. Birsen Tütüniş

Ergasheva Nadra Dadajanovna

  • Department of English language, Khoca Akhmet Yassawi International Turkish-Kazakh University, Kazakhstan
  • Google Scholar
  • RAJAR Journal