Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is the most severe iatrogenic complication of modern in vitro fertilization. It manifests itself as enlarged ovaries with many follicular cysts and is associated with a redistribution of body fluids. In most cases, this redistribution of liquids leads to the development of ascites. In some rare cases, it gives a massive unilateral pleural effusion without ascites and very rarely as a pericardial effusion.
We report the cases of two patients who developed ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome that initially manifested itself in a pericardial effusion of great abundance.
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome - Pericardial effusion- fertilization
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