The Influence of Work Engagement and Religiosity on Burnout among Dentist at Primary Care Clinics

October 30, 2019


Dentist is one of the health professions that has the potential to have a high level of burnout. A dentist with a high tendency to burnout can reduce the health, causing boredom, and affecting the work professionalism. This research aims to analyze the influence of work engagement and religiosity on burnout levels in dentists. This research uses quantitative data, conducted in Yogyakarta, from August 15–September 15 2019. The technique used total sampling method, with the sample inclusion criteria as follow: the dentists working at Primary care clinics (Primary Care Clinic) in Sleman, Bantul, and Yogyakarta City. The statistical analysis used multivariate analysis with multiple regressions. Result and There were 76 dentists as the respondents. The statistical result of the t-test variable of the work engagement with burnout in the dentists was with a significance level of 0.001. There was an influence of the work engagement with burnout on the dentists with negative direction. As for the religiosity with burnout on the dentists was with significance level of 0.035 because the significance of ≤ 0.05 means that there was an influence between the religiosity with burnout on the dentists. The F test result was with a significance of 0.000. The variables of work engagement and religiosity, altogether, affected the burnout on the dentists, negatively. The work engagement influences the burnout level on the dentists, negatively and significantly. The same goes to the religiosity. The work engagement and the religiosity, together they significantly influence the burnout on the dentists at Primay Care Clinics in Sleman, Bantul, and Yogyakarta.


Work engagement, Burnout, Religiosity, Dentist


Denton, D. A., Newton, J. T., & Bower, E. J. (2008). Occupational burnout and work engagement: a national survey of dentists in the United Kingdom. British Dental Journal, 205(7), E13–E13.

Gorter, R. C., & Freeman, R. (2011). Burnout and engagement in relation with job demands and resources among dental staff in Northern Ireland: Burnout and engagement. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 39(1), 87–95.

Llorens-Gumbau, S., & Salanova-Soria, M. (2014). Loss and gain cycles? A longitudinal study about burnout, engagement and self-efficacy. Burnout Research, 1(1), 3–11.

Khamisa, N., Peltzer, K., Ilic, D., & Oldenburg, B. (2017). Effect of personal and work stress on burnout, job satisfaction and general health of hospital nurses in South Africa. Health SA Gesondheid, 22, 252–258.

Nusatria, S., & SUHARNOMO, S. (2011). Employee Engagement: Anteseden dan Konsekuensi Studi pada Unit CS PT. Telkom Indonesia Semarang (PhD Thesis). Universitas Diponegoro.

Bakker, A. B., & Leiter, M. P. (2010). Work Engagement: A Handbook of Essential Theory and Research. Psychology Press.

Hakanen, J. J., Schaufeli, W. B., & Ahola, K. (2008). The Job Demands-Resources model: A three-year cross-lagged study of burnout, depression, commitment, and work engagement. Work & Stress, 22(3), 224–241.

Hakanen, J. J., & Koivumäki, J. (2014). Engaged or exhausted—How does it affect dentists’ clinical productivity? Burnout Research, 1(1), 12–18.

Cole, M. S., Walter, F., Bedeian, A. G., & O’Boyle, E. H. (2012). Job Burnout and Employee Engagement: A Meta-Analytic Examination of Construct Proliferation. Journal of Management, 38(5), 1550–1581.

Kim, H. S., & Yeom, H.-A. (2018). The association between spiritual well-being and burnout in intensive care unit nurses: A descriptive study. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 46, 92–97.

Christianty dan Widhianingtanti (2016). Burnout Ditinjau Dari Employee Engagement Pada Karyawan. Psikodimensia Volume 15 / 2 edisi Juli – Desember

Andreasta Meliala, D. (2015). KEBIJAKAN DISTRIBUSI DAN KETERLEKATAN DOKTER SPESIALIS DI INDONESIA (Universitas Gadjah Mada). Retrieved from⊂=PenelitianDetail&act=view&typ=html&buku_id=89305&obyek_id=4

Salmoirago-Blotcher, E., Fitchett, G., Leung, K., Volturo, G., Boudreaux, E., Crawford, S., Curlin, F. (2016). An exploration of the role of religion/ spirituality in the promotion of physicians’ wellbeing in Emergency Medicine. Preventive Medicine Reports, 3, 189–195.

Wachholtz, A., & Rogoff, M. (2013). The relationship between spirituality and burnout among medical students. Journal of Contemporary Medical Education, 1(2), 83–91.

Palupi, M., & Tjahjono, H. K. (2016). A Model of Religiousity and Organizational Justice: The Impact on Commitment and Dysfunctional Behavior. 11.

Tripathi, D. J. P., & Sharma, M. S. (2016). The Key to Improve Performance: Employee Engagement. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 18(10), 19–25.

Author Details

Mira Zoraya

Heru Kurnianto Tjahjono

Arlina Dewi