Influence of Agreeableness Personality Trait on Driving Behaviour among Motorists in Malaysia

December 27, 2017


The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between agreeableness of Big 5   personality and adverse driving behaviour among motorists in Malaysia. A quantitative survey method was employed and respondents were randomly selected using highway intercept technique. A total of 384 completed questionnaires were collected with a response rate of 18.1 percent. However, only 311 were found useable for the final analysis. Partial Least Squares (PLS) path modelling was used in the data analysis. The findings revealed a significant and negative relationship between agreeableness and adverse driving behaviour.


Adverse Driving Behaviour, Agreeableness, Road Traffic Accidents, Big Five Personality


WHO 2017 World traffic injuries. World Health Organization, Geneva.

Rifaat, S.M. 2010 Street pattern and traffic safety. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Ulleberg, P. and Rundmo, T. 2003 Personality, attitudes and risk perceptions as predictors of risky driving behaviour among young drivers. Safety Science, 41(5), 427-443.

Yilmaz, V. and Celik, H.E. 2006 Risky driving attitudes and self-reported traffic violations among Turkish drivers. Dogus Universitesi Dergisi, 7(1), 127-138.

Nordfjaern, T., Jorgensen, S.H. and Rundmo, T. 2012 Safety attitudes, behaviour, anxiety and perceived control among professional and non-professional drivers. Journal of Risk Research, 15(8), 875-896.

Machin, M.A. and Sankey, K.S. 2008 Relationships between young drivers’ personality, risk perceptions and driving behaviour. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 40(2), 541-547.

Perry, A.R. and Baldwin, D.A. 2000 Further evidence of associations of Type A personality scores and driving related attitudes and behaviours. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 91, 147-154.

Herzberg, P.Y. 2009 Beyond ‘accident proneness’: using five-factor model prototypes to predict driving behaviour. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 1096-1100.

Wang, Z. 2016 Does family background impact driving attitudes and risky behaviours? An investigation on Chinese young drivers. Unpublished Master thesis, Queensland University of Technology, Australia.

Lee, V. and Egan, V. 2013 Predictors of aggression in Southeast Asian female prisoners. Personality and Individual Differences, 54(1), 113-117.

Miller, J.D., Zeichner, A. and Wilson, L.F. 2012 Personality correlates of aggression: Evidence from measures of the five factor model, UPPS model of impulsivity and BIS/BAS. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20(10), 1-17.

Dahlen, E.R. and White, R.P. 2006 The big five factors, sensation seeking, and driving anger in prediction of unsafe driving. Personality and Individual Differences, 41, 903-915.

Vanquez, J.A. 2013 Personality factors, age, and aggressive driving: A validation using a driving simulator, Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida.

Sumer, N., Lajunen, T. and Ozkan, T. 2005 Big 5 personality traits as distal predictors of road accident involvement. Traffic and Transport Psychology, 215-227.

Clarke, S. and Robertson, I.T. 2005 A meta-analytic review of the big five personality factors and accident involvement in occupational and non-occupational settings. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 78, 355-376.

Harris, P.B., Houston, J.M., Vazquez, J.A., Smither, J.A. and Harms, A. 2014 The proposal and aggressive driving inventory: a self-report measure of safe and unsafe driving behaviours, Rollins College, Florida.

Rahman, N.A. 2014 Dangerous driving behaviour from Big five personality. Jurnal Online Psikologi, 2 (2).

Stephens, V. 2011 Self-reported risky driving behaviour and the Big five personality traits. University of Worcester, UK.

Ucho, A., Terwase, J.M. and Ucho, A.A. 2016 Influence of Big five personality traits and locus of control on road safety rules compliance among motorcycle riders in North Central Nigeria. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Arts and Sciences, 3(1), 1-9.

Guo, M., Wei, W., Liao, G. and Chu, F. 2016 The impact of personality on driving safety among Chinese high speed railway drivers. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 92, 9-14.

Qu, W., Ge, Y., Xiong, Y., Carciofo, R., Zhao, W. and Zhang, K. 2015 Dangerous driving in a Chinese sample: Associations with morningness-eveningness preference and personality. PloS One, 10, e0116717.

Fikri, Ismail, R. and Halim, F.W. 2015 The model of personality and driver behaviour as mediator on road accident involvement among bus drivers in Riau Province, Indonesia. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, 5(4), 148-153.

Shonesy, K. 2016 Personality may dictate how distracted you are while driving. Retrieved

Anitei, M., Chraif, M., Burtaverde, V. and Mihaila, T. 2014 The Big 5 personality facts in the prediction of aggressive driving behaviour among Romanian youngsters. International Journal of Traffic and Transportation Psychology, 2(1), 7-20.

Taubman-Ben-Ari, O. and Yehiel, D. 2012 Driving styles and their associations with personality and motivation. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 45, 416-422.

Iancu, A.E., Hogea, A. and Olteanu, A.F. 2016 The association between personality and aggressive driving: A meta-analysis. Romanian Journal of Applied Psychology, 18(2), 24-32.

Gadbois, E.A. and Dugan, E. 2015 The Big 5 personality factors as predictors of driving status in older adults. Journal of Aging and Health, 27(1), 54-74.

Robins, R.W., Tracy, J.L. and Sherman, J.W. 2007 Handbook of research methods in personality psychology, Guildford Press, London.

Sekaran, U. 2006 Research methods for business: a skill building approach, John Wiley, New Delhi, India.

Cozby, P. 1989 Methods in behavioural research, Mayfield Publishing, California.

Kraut, A.I 2006 Getting action from organizational surveys: New concepts, methods and applications, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.

Martinussen, L.M. 2013 Facilitating improved road safety based on increased knowledge about driving behaviour and profiling sub-groups of drivers, Unpublished PhD thesis, Technical University of Denmark.

Lajunen, T. 2001 Personality and accident liability: Are extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism related to traffic and occupational fatalities? Personality and Individual Differences, 31, 1365-1373.

Reason, J., Manstead, A., Stradling, S., Baxter, J.S. and Campbell, K. 1990 Errors and violations on the roads: A real distinction? Ergonomics, 33(10/11), 1315-1332.

McCrae, R.R. and Costa, P.T. 1990 Personality in adulthood, Guildford, New york.

Goldberg, L.R. 1993 The structure of phenotypic personality traits. American Psychologist, 48, 26-34.

Hair, J.F., Hult, G., Ringle, C.M. and Sarstedt, M. 2014 A primer on partial least squares SEM. Sage, Singapore.

Chin, W.W. 2010 How to write up and report PLS analyses, Springer, Texas.

Anderson, C.A. and Bushman, B. 2002 Effects of violent video games on aggressive behaviour, aggressive cognition, aggressive effect, physiological arousal and pro-social behaviour. Psychological Science, 12(5), 353-359.

Author Details

Nur Shazwani Rosli

Jasmani Mohd Yunus

Suhaila Abdul Hanan