Article DetailsArticle Details

Work Place Environment Management Effects on Employees’ Performance in Nigeria Tertiary Institutions

Work Place Environment Management Effects on Employees’ Performance in Nigeria Tertiary Institutions

Published October 27, 2018

Author Details


The study examines workplace environment management effects on employees’ performance in Nigeria tertiary institutions. The study seeks to assess how workplace motivation affects employee productivity, ascertain the workplace norms that influence employee behaviour, assess the extent of the relationship between workplace environment and employee commitment. Survey design and interview of academic and administrative staff of two tertiary institutions in Enugu, Nigeria was adopted. The proposed hypotheses were tested by ordinal logistic regression and Spearman’s Bivariate Correlation at five percent (5%) level of significance. The analyses of data were carried out on SPSS (v.20). Opinion of experts from the academia were sought to ensure face and content validity of the instrument The results reveal that Workplace motivation positively affects employee productivity; ambition, loyalty, and work ethics are workplace norms that influence employee behavior; there is a positive and significant relationship between workplace environment and employee commitment. The conclusion and recommendation respectively indicate that workplace conflict is not easy to eliminate, however, developing clear guidelines for role functions, promotion process and schedule of operation can reduce conflicts and create a peaceful environment. organisations should motivate employees to maximize productivity through interesting work, opportunity to advance knowledge, adequate information, relevant authority, sufficient help and equipment, healthy work environment, clearly defined responsibilities and adequate pay.


Workplace Environment, Workplace Norms, Employee Performance and Employee Responsiveness.


Akinyele, S. T. 2007. A critical assessment of environmental impact on workers productivity in Nigeria., Research Journal on Business Management. 1(1), 50-61.

Bachmann, M. 2002. Organizational Wellness Programs: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 13(1), 58–68.

Brenner, K. 2004. A review work on organization culture and workers’ behaviour. International. Journal of Business and Social Science 11(3)101- 104.

Chandrasekar, K. 2011. Workplace environment and its impact on organizational performance in public sector organizations. International Journal of Enterprise Computing and Business System, 1(1) 3-7.

Ezenwakwelu, C.A. 2017. Determinants of Employee Motivation for Organisational Commitment. IOSR Journal of Business and Management 19 (7) 01 – 09.

Ezigbo, C.A. 2007. Managing subordinate for effectiveness in Nigeria university systems. International Research Journal for development, 9(1) 6 - 8.

Gitahi, G. Maina, W. and Joel, K. 2015. Effect of Workplace environment on the performance of commercial banks employees in Nakuru town. International Journal of Managerial Studies and Research, 3(12)14-17.

Heath, K. 2006. Organisational climate and workrate. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 81(3) 1096 – 1112.

Humphries, M. 2005. Employees performance, appraisal and promotion. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 5(5) 12- 18.

Kohun, S. 1992. Business environment. Ibadan: University Press.

Kohun, S. 2002. Ethical behavior in workplace. Journal of Constructive Management and Economics, 25 (1) 631- 648.

Leblebici, A. 2012. Concept of culture and presumed links to efficiency. International Journal of Management Science, 17(4) 323- 333.

Luthans, F. and Doh, J.P. 2012. International management: Culture, strategy and behavior (8th ed). New York: McGraw- Hill Irwin.

McGregor, D. 1960. The Human Side of Enterprise. New York: McGraw-Hill

Rabia I.A, F, Arshad Z and Imran, Y. 2012. How to boost employee performance: Investigating the influence of transformational leadership and work environment in a Pakistani perspective, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 11 (10): 1455-1462

Spector, B., & Beer, M., 1994. Beyond TQM programs. Journal of Organisational Change Management, 7(2), 63–70.

Stallworth, J., and Kleiner, B. 1996. Recent developments in office design. Journal of Facilities, 14 (12), 34-42.

Weiss, H. M, and Cropanzano R. 1999. Affective events theory: a theoretical discussion of the structure, causes and consequences of affective experiences at work. Research in Organizational Behavior; 18: 1-7 Retrieved 10/08/2018.

to our newsletter

to our newsletter