Early Marriage In Ethiopia: So Little Done But So Much To Do
Early Marriage is one of the global problems that undermine the personal development and the rights of women very seriously. It is very delicate among the
developing countries such as Ethiopia. Under-aged girls in Ethiopia are susceptible for child marriage since a long time ago. Irrespective of the efforts of the government, the society, and the international community; the problem is still persistent throughout the country. The traditional beliefs, religion, and the economic motives are recognized as the root causes of early marriage in Ethiopia. It exposes the pre-matured children into psychological and emotional
traumas, severe violence, denial of social services, reproductive health problems and migration to the nearby poor towns and abroad. Thus, sensitizing the stakeholders, educating girls, and supporting the runaways and others who would otherwise the victims of early marriage are the way forward to reduce the adverse consequences of child marriage in Ethiopia.
Early Marriage, Human Right, Tradition, Violence, Psychological Traumas, Sensitization, Ethiopia.
Alemu, B. (2008). Early marriage in Ethiopia: causes and
health consequences. Exchange on HIV/AIDS.
Sexuality and Gender, 1, pp.4-6,
Dejene, A., Birhanerselase, A. (2006). Baseline survey on
female genital mutilation and other harmful
traditional practices, in North Gondar Amhara
Regional State.Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Equality Now (2014).Protecting the Girl Child: Using the
law to end child, early and forced marriage and
related human rights
Erulkar A. (2013). Early Marriage, Marital Relations, and
Intimate Partner.Violence in Ethiopia Addis
Ababa, Ethiopia.39(1):6–13, 10.1363/3900613
Ezra, M. (2003).Factors associated with marriage and
family formation processes in southern Ethiopia.
Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 509-
Greene, M. E. (2014).Ending Child Marriage in a
Generation, What Research is
Hervish A. and Feldman-Jacobs C. (2011).Who Speaks For
Me? Ending Child Marriage. Population Reference
Bureau Policy Brief,
pdfJones, N., Eds. (2014). Early marriage and education: the
complex role of social norms in shaping Ethiopian
adolescent girls’ lives.
MahderePaulos (2006).Early Marriage in
Ethiopia.Ethiopian Women Lawyers Association,
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Malhotra A., Warner A., Gonagle A.M and Rife S. L.
(2011).Solutions to End Child Marriage: What the
Evidence Shows. International Center for Research
Mutgan S. (2014).Trends in Early Marriage in Shashemene,
Ethiopia, Demography Unit, Department of
Sociology, Stockholm University, Sweeden,
Pathfinder International Ethiopia. (2005). Ethiopia:
knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) in family
planning, Results from the September 2004 Survey
of Amhara, Oromia, SNNPR and Tigray
The International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children
(2013).Child Marriage in the Middle East and
North Africa, the Koons Family Institute,
UNDP (2004).Human Development Report 2004: Cultural
Liberty in Today’s Diverse World. New York,
UNICEF (2011).State of the World’s Children, Adolescence,
An Age of Opportunity, New York: UNICEF, 2011,
UNICEF (2001).Early Marriage: Child Spouses, Florence,
Italy: UNICEF, 7, http://www.unicefirc.
United Nations Population Fund (2005).State of the World
Population 2005: The Promise of Equality, 128,
USAID (2012).Ending Child Marriage & Meeting the
Needs Of Married Children: The USAID Vision
VOA Radio Broadcasting Service (2015).Early Marriage in
Ethiopia.Discussion with Experts and
Professionals, Washington DC., USA.
World Health Organization (2012).Early Marriage,
Adolescent, and Young Pregnancies, 130,