Challenges And Coping Stratgies About Livelihood Of Female Staff In Tai Solarin University Of Education, Ijebu-Ode, South-West, Nigeria
Women integration into formal sector is constrained by several challenges which include limited access to credit, property, education, technical skill as well as coping with domestic responsibilities. Although some of the problems above are external to the organization where women work, they nonetheless negatively affect women integration and success within organizations and therefore constitute major challenges to their progression at work. Against this background the study examined the challenges and coping strategies that career women have devised in trying to maintain the work/life balance. The general objective of the
study was to examine the challenges faced by women while trying to balance their participation at work as well as their traditional responsibilities at home. Specifically, the study investigated the nature and types of challenges faced by women as they try to build viable careers. Women’s perception of the work they do particularly in relation to their family responsibilities was determined. Also the different strategies that working women have devised to maintain their
livelihoods as well as work/life balance were discovered. The study was anchored on the theoretical strength of the liberal feminist theory and glassceiling
theory as they explain the challenges faced by women at work. One hundred and fifty questionnaires that were selected through the simple random and purposive sampling techniques were administered to female academic and administrative staff of the Tai Solarin University of Education in Nigeria to determine their views and perceptions on the challenges they contend with at work and the strategies that they have devised to cope with these challenges. Results showed that while women self-identities primarily lie in their work, they are strongly influenced to perform the roles of home makers given our societal expectations. For many women the family remains the most important domain. In fact 66.7percent of the respondents admitted that their homes were more important to them than their jobs. Appropriate recommendations were made to improve present situations.
Challenges, Coping Strategies, Career Women, Marital Responsibilities, Wage labor.
Afolabi A. A. and Arogundade L. (2006),
‘’Gender Audit of the 2003 General Elections and
Issues in Women’s Political Participation in
Nigeria.’’ A Publication of Women Advocate
Research and Documentation Centre (WARDOC),
Annan .K. (2002) ‘’ Building a Partnership for
girl’s education. Keynote address at the World
Education Forum, Dakar, Senegal. www.
/.speeches/secretary general.shtml, accessed
Balls S. (2009) ‘’ The Anatomy of Glass-ceiling:
Barriers to Women’s Professional Advancement.’
A Publication of Accenture Global Management
Consulting, Techlonogy and Services, United
Burke, R. J. and Mackeen, C. A. (1996),
‘’Employment gaps and Work and Career
satisfaction of Managerial Women. International
Journal of Manpower, Volume 17, Pp 47-55.
Byko .M. (2008), ‘’Challenges and Opportunities
for Women in Science and Engineering’’ A
Publication of The Minerals, Metal and Material
Society, Center for Institutional Changes,
University of Washington (UW)
Cole G. A. (2007) Personnel and Human
Resource Management. 6th Edition. A Publication
of BookPower Publishers, Allan and Nesta
Ferguson Charitable Settlement, Barclays Bank, U
Dreher, G .F. (2003) Breaking the glass ceiling:
The effects of sex ratios and Worklife programs on
female leadership at the top. A journal of Human
Relations, 56, Pg 541-562.
Giddens.A. (2004), sociology 4th Edition,Black
Well Publishing LTD, 108 Cowley road, Oxford
Kay K. and Shipman C. (2009), ‘’Womenomics’’
A Publication of Accenture Global Management
Consulting, Technology and Services, United
Kline A. and Sausner R. (2010), ‘’Taking charge
in Turbulent times’’: 25 Most Powerful Women in
Banking, 2009. A Publication of Finance Works,
American Banker and Source Media, Inc.
Krakaver, .L. S. and Chen, .C.P. (2003), ‘’Gender
and Barriers in the Legal Profession: Implications
for Career Development of Female Law students.
Journal of Employment Counseling, 40, Pg 65-79
Kendall.D.(2007) Sociology in our times 6th
edition. A publication of Thomson wadsworth,
Thomson higher education, 10 Davis Drive
Belmont, (940023098), USA
Lewis, S. & Copper, C. L. (2009) Career Couple,
London: Unwin Hyman
Lewis-Enright, K.; Crafford, A. and Crous, F.
Towards a Workplace Conducive to the
Career Advancement of Women. South
African Journal of Industrial Psychology 35:
Lilley, P. and Shantz, J. 2009. The World Largest
Workplace: Social Reproduction and Wages
for Housework. A Community Development
Journal, Oxford Journal of the Social Sciences
Mehran .N. and Raza .J. (2009), ‘’Women’s
Career Progression, barriers and Organizational
Justice: A study of Iranian Society’’ Emerald
Group Publishing Limited, Business strategy
Series, Volume 10 Number 5, Pg 311-324
OECD (Organization For Economic Co operation
and Development), ( 2010a). Women at work: who
are they and how are they faring?
(accessed: June 6 2011).
O’ Connor, C., Wright, A. (2013) Female Career
Progression & Maternity Leave: An Irish
Exploration. Business and Economic Research.
ISSN 2162-4860, Vol. 3, No 1
Russell,H., Banks J. (2011) Pregnancy and
Employment: A Literature Review HSE Crisis
Pregnancy Programme and the Equal Authority
Mazy 2011 HSE Crisis Pregnancy Program, 4th
Floor 89-94 Street, Dublin I ISBN;978-I-905199-
Ritzer.G.(2008) Sociological theory 7th Edition
McGraw Publishing Company, New York.
Schuler, S. 2008 Breaking Through the Glass
Ceiling Without Breaking A Nail: Women
Executives in Fortune Magazine’s ‘’Power 50’’
List. Journal of The American Civil Justice,
Volume 12 Issue 6, Box 870172, Tuscaloosa, AL
Vallian M. A (2005) ‘’Teachers Ethics:
Educational International and the Forging of
Professional Unity’’ Journal of Educational
Controversy, Wooding College of Education,
Western Washinton University. ISSN1935-7699
U. S. Department of Labor, (n. d. a.)’’Employed
persons by Detailed Occupations and Sex.’’ 2004
annual averages. Retrieved October 11, 2009,