Cost Sharing As An Alternative Approach To Financing Agricultural Technology Transfer In Nasarawa State, Nigeria.
The study ascertained cost sharing as an alternative approach to financing agricultural technology transfer in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Interview schedule/questionnaire as well as Focus Group Discussion (FGD) were used to collect data from a sample of sixty-two (62) farmers and sixtyeight (68) public extension agents (PEAs). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentage. Result shows that majority of the respondents were married, about 60% of the farmers were males, while all (100%) public extension agents were males, middle aged, having a fairly large household size. Government was the major (70.3% and 70.9%), source of funding for agricultural extension service as indicated by the farmers and PEAs, respectively. Majority (64.6%) of the farmers contributed to cost-sharing practices in the area of provision of accommodation to public extension agents. A greater percentage (81.3%) of the farmers and public extension agents (80.7%) were of the view that inadequate budgetary allocation is a major problem associated with agricultural extension funding in the study area. Other problems identified by farmers (12.0%) (4.0%) and public extension agents (10.9%) (4.8) were bureaucracy and corruption, respectively, among others. The study recommends the need for a gradual introduction of cost-sharing designed in collaboration with stakeholders using a locationspecific approach in order to suit the consumers of agricultural technology.
Cost-sharing, agricultural echnology, extension services, funds, stakeholders.
Adeniyi, A. A. (2001). Pipeline Agricultural and
Rural Development Programmes:
Challenges for the RID Sub-programme of
the ADP. “Lesson learnt”. Paper presented at
the 2nd National Workshop on RID PCU
Adewumi, M. O. Mohammed, S. A. and Opeyemi,
E. ( 2007 ). Economic Analysis of Farming
Household’s Health on Crop Output in
Kwara State, Nigeria. Agricultural Journal,
vol.2(4), pp. 478-482.
Agwu, A. E. and Ugwu, P. U. (2008). Farmers’
Perception of the Performance of the
National Special Programme for Food
Security (NSPFS) in Enugu State, Nigeria.
Afric. J. Biotech. Vol.7 (12), pp.1911-1921.
Chapman, J. W. and William, E. T. (1999).
Relations between Self-Perceptions and
Literacy Achievement: Developmental
Factors and Matthew Effects. Self-Concept
Research: Driving International Research
Daudu, S., Anum, J. A and Madukwe, M. C.
(2009). The Extension Capability of Benue
State Agricultural and Rural Development
Authority. Production Agriculture and
Technology, vol.5 (1), pp. 55-66.
Ejembi, E. P. and Ejembi, S. A. (2005). The
Status of the Nigerian Family: Implications
for Agricultural Development. The Family
Journal, vol.2, pp. 30-38.
Ejembi, S. A. (2009). Factors Affecting
Community Resource Management
Practices by Farmers in Okpokwu Local
Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria.
Ph.D Thesis Submitted to Department of
Agricultural Economics and Rural
Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria,
Eremie, S. (2005). Capacity Building in
Agricultural Extension: The World Bank
Experience in Nigeria. Keynote Address at
the 10th National Conference of Agricultural
Extension Society of Nigeria (AESON),
National Cereals Research Institute,
Badeggi, p 10.
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2002).
Anti-Hunger Programme: Reducing Hunger
through Sustainable Agricultural and Rural
Development and Wider Access to Food.
Second Draft. Rome: FAO.
Madukwe, M. C. (1995). Agricultural Extension
Systems and Strategies in Nigeria’s Rural
Development. In: E.C. Eboh; C.U. Okoye;
and D. Ayichi (Eds.), Rural Development in
Nigeria: Concepts, Processes and Prospects.
Auto-Century Publishing Company, Enugu,
Madukwe, M. C. (1999). Restructuring Field
Agricultural Extension Service in Nigeria:
Issues and Options. Proceedings of the
Annual Conference of Nigeria Rural
Sociological Association, Held at University
of Nigeria, Nsukka on 13th -15th April, pp.
Nasarawa Agricultural Development Programme
(NADP). Rural/Village Listing Survey
National Population Commission (NPC) (2006).
Population Census. Abuja. Federal Republic
of Nigeria Official Gazette, vol. 94(24).
Ozor, N. (2010). A comparative analysis of the
alternative approaches in the provision of
agricultural extension service. Journal of
Agricultural Extension, vol. 14 (1), pp. 36-54.
Ozor, N., Agwu, E. A., Chukwuone, N. A.,
Madukwe, M. C. and Garforth, C. J. (2007).
Cost-sharing of Agricultural Technology
Transfer in Nigeria: Perceptions of Farmers
and Extension Professional. J. Agric. Educ.
& Ext, vol.13 (1), pp. 23-37.
Ozowa, V. N. (1997). Information Needs of Small
Scale Farmers in Africa: The Nigerian
Example. Consultative Group on
International Agricultural Research, vol.
Rivera, W. M. (1993). Rapport de la deuxieme
mission du consultant coordinateur. Project
Swanson, B. E., Farner, B. J. and Bahal, R.
(1990). The Current Status of Agricultural
Extension Worldwide. In: B.E. Swanson
(Ed.). Report of the Global Consultation on
Agricultural Extension. Rome, Italy, 4-8
Weil, D. N. (2005). Accounting for the Effect of
Health on Economic Growth. The Quarterly
Journal of Economics, vol.122 (3), pp.1265-
Wikipedia. The Free Encyclopaedia. (2013).
Nasarawa State. www.wikipedia.org.
Retrieved June 10, 2013.